This is the official version of the May 13 tragedy issued by the National Operations Council (NOC).

Click Here to Download.


TIME MAGAZINE’s Report on Malaysia in 1969 : May 23, 1969 and July, 18, 1969


FAR EASTERN ECONOMIC REVIEW ’s Reports on Malaysia’s Race Riot in 1969


WIKIPEDIA – May 13 Incident


What is the May 13 Incident?


Raja Petra Kamaruddin’s Take on May 13



Dr. Colin Abraham, May 13 and Beyond Part I – II

Unmasking the Hornets – Sim Kwang Yang

Ka-Arah Keharmonian Negara (GOVERNMENT WHITE PAPER) – The first white paper post May 13 reinforces the Bumiputra position.

Ke Arah Memelihara Keselamatan Negara (GOVERNMENT WHITE PAPER) – This is among the popular White Paper related to the Ops Lalang in 1987-1988

Donald L. Horowitz, Lethal Ethnic Riots, Lessons from India and Beyond

The Process of Reconciliation



This blog aims to be interactive i.e. it hopes to invite visitors to contribute materials on May 13 to be posted so that the real truth can be told. The truth is truly out there. Many books and reports are now extremely difficult and rare to obtain because the incident happened about 40 years ago and many are out of print. But there are still in the libraries or quaint bookstores locally and overseas where one may still find materials on May 13. The writer appeals to all visitors to help build this blog as a tribute and in the memory of those who died, the surviving victims and their families.

The writer will compile a list of books, papers and reports from time to time and post it below. These materials are essential to the reading, to gain a good overall view and to form an ‘informed’ conclusion on the tragedy.

List of Books/Reports Requested (in digital format):

  • May 13: Declassified Documents on the Malaysian Riots of 1969 by Kua Kia Soong (a must read )
  • Rahman, Tunku Abdul (1969). “May 13 – Before and After”. (13 Mei: Sebelum dan Selepas – Bahasa Malaysia version)
  • “The Death of a Democracy” by John Slimming. Book written by an Observer/UK journalist, who was in Kuala Lumpur at the time.
  • J Bass, “Malaysian Politics, 1968 – 1970, Crisis and Response, Unpublished PhD, dissertation, University of California 1973. (Bass claimed that the actual number of fatalities was perhaps ten times as great as the official toll. See Bass (1973, p.249))
  • Malaysia: Continuity or Change?, by Jerome R. Bass © 1970 University of California Press.
  • Leon Comber, “13 May 1969, A Survey of Sino-Malay Relations”, Heinemann Asia Ltd., Kuala Lumpur, 1981,
  • Goh Cheng Teik, The May Thirteenth Incident and Democracy in Malaysia ( Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1971 )
  • Reid, Anthony, The Kuala Lumpur Riots and the Malaysian Political System, Australian Outlook, Volume 23 No. 3 (December 1969)
  • Joe Conceicao (2007) Singapore and The Many-Headed Monster, Singapore: Horizon Books Pte Ltd
  • Karl von Vorys, Democracy without Consensus: Communalism and Political Stability in Malaysia (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975)
  • GAGLIANO, FELIX V. Communal Violence in Malaysia 1969: The Political Aftermath
    Athens, OH, Ohio Univ. Center for International Studies. 1970.
  • John G. Butcher, “May 13: a review of some controversies in accounts of the riots”

  • Ozay Mehmet, “Racial Riots in Malaysia,” Queen’s Quarterly 78 (2, Summer 1971)“Rats, Flies and Broken Beads: The Malaysian Political System’s reaction to the May Riots,” Asia 17 (1969)

  • Donald Horowitz, The Deadly Ethnic Riot (2001)

  • Donald Horowitz, Ethnic Groups in Conflict (1985, 2000)


  • Snider, Nancy L. “Race, Leitmotiv of the Malayan Election Drama.” Asian Survey, Volume 10, Number 12. (December 1970)

Kaneko Yoshiki’s Ethnicity and Politics in Malaysia: Chinese Politics and National Intergration

4 Comments Add your own

  • 1. Lelouch  |  May 15, 2009 at 3:41 pm

    Whoops, this is the link to the zip of pdfs: articles

    Thanks Lelouch for the link but apparently the correct link is Visitors can download some very reliable and historical articles from the Times of UK about the May 13 Incident.

    Again, thank you very much Lelouch for the contribution.

  • 2. James Oh  |  April 13, 2010 at 7:02 am

    Dear sir,

    Why am I unable to download the article “The May 13 Tragedy”? Someone blocking it?


  • 3. Ho Jr.  |  May 2, 2013 at 3:20 am

    Dear Sir, how can i download the May 13 article?

  • 4. unmalaysian  |  August 2, 2013 at 1:57 am

    All the download links are not working. You should include a memorial page for those who were killed by listing the names/photos of those who were killed by their own government.


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